12 Jyotirlings

Lord Shiva is usually worshipped in the abstract form of Shiva linga. 
 
Jyotirlinga are the 12 special shrines dedicated to Shiva since ancient times .A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirling or Jyotirlingam is a shrine where Lord Shiva , an aspect of God in Hindusim is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlingam or Lingam of Light,The Names and Locations of the 12 Jyothirlingas are mentioned in the Shiva Puranam(a purana dedicated to the Lord Shiva) in Chapter 42/2-4, Satarudra Samhita.
 
  1. Somanath located is situated at Somnath Patan (the south coast of Saurashtra), near Veraval in (Prabhas Kshetra) Kathaiwad district in Gujarat.
  2. Mallikarjuna is situated on Shri Shaila Mountain by the banks of the Patal Ganga, Krishna River in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
  3. Mahakaleshwar  is located by the banks of river Kshipra, in the dense Mahakal forests in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.
  4. Omkareshwar is situated on the mountain Mandhata by the banks of Narmada River in the Malva area in Madhya Pradesh.
  5. Vaidyanath is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Bihar in the south west of Keeul Station.
  6. Bhimashankar is situated in the ghat region of the Sahyadri hills in the village of Bhavagiri, 50-km north west of Khed, near Pune in Maharashtra.
  7. Rameshwaram is situated in the island of Rameswaram, off the Sethu coast of Tamil Nadu and is reached via the Pamban Bridge across the sea.
  8. Nageshwar is located on the route between Gomati Dwarka and the Bait Dwarka Island on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat.
  9. Vishwanath  is located amidst the crowded lanes in the holy city of Varanasi also known as Kashi and Benares.
  10. Trimbakeshwar is located at a distance of about 30-km from Nasik in Maharashtra near the mountain named Brahmagiri from which the river Godavari flows.
  11. Kedarnath nestled in the snow clad Himalayas is located in the picturesque surroundings of Rudra Himalaya Range at a height of 12000 feet on a mountain named Kedar in Uttarkhand
  12. Grishneshwar is located at a village called Verul, which lies 20 km from Daulatabad (near Aurangabad in Maharashtra) and approximately 100 kms from Manmad station. Located close to Daulatabad (once known as Devagiri) is the popular tourist attractions Ajanta – Ellora.
Reciting the name of 12 Jyotirlinga a devotee can eliminate all the sins. Besides, the devotee becomes calm, chaste and pure as he becomes illuminated and enlightened with supreme and divine knowledge. The names mentioned for the benefits of all are: 
 

Saurashtra Somnatham Cha Shrishaile Mallikarjunam ||

Ujjainyam Mahakalomkare Mammaleshwaram ||

Parlyam Vaijnatham Cha Dakinyam Bheem Shankaram ||

Setu Bandhe Tu Ramesham Nagesham Daruka Vane ||

Varanasya Tu Vishwesham Tribakam Gautamitate || 

Himalaye Tu Kedaram Ghurmesham Cha Shivalaye ||

Aetani Jyotirlingani Sayam Prataha Pathennaraha ||

Sapta Janma Kritam Papam Smaranen Vinashyati ||

 
Hindus believe that a sincere devotee who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening washes all the sins committed in the previous seven births and attains all the powers and Siddhis.